- Identify individual members of the family
- Provide clues to confirm I have the right person/family unit as you search each census
- Provide clues as to relationship in the family
- Provide clues if I have the right female when surnames change through marriage
- Provide clues when people use nicknames and other name variations from one census to the next
I have prepared a birth year reference chart for each census to help you identify an estimated birth year for each ancestor. This article will focus on the 1860 U.S. Federal Population Census.
Learn more about information about age found in the census:
1860 U.S. Census birth year reference chart
In Column 4 of the 1860 US Population Census, learn the age of each member of the household. The following chart will provide the approximate corresponding birth year for the age provided.
Age calculated as of June 1, 1860.
|Age||Birth Year||Age||Birth Year||Age||Birth Year|
Census taker instructions for age on 1860 Census
The following are the exact instructions given to census taker (enumerator):
7. Ages.– Under heading 4, entitled “Age,” insert in figures what was the specific age of each person at his or her last birth day previous to the 1st day of June, opposite the name of such person. Where the exact age cannot be ascertained insert a number which shall be the nearest approximation thereto. The exact or estimated age of every individual is to be recorded. If the person be a child under one year old, born previous to the 1st day of June, the entry is to be made by the fractional parts of a year, thus: one month, 1/12; two months, 2/12; and so on to eleven months, 11/12. Omit months in all cases where the person is of one year and upwards.