Genealogy: 1910 U.S. federal census tutorial

1910 MastheadBy Barry J. Ewell

This is a comprehensive tutorial for researching the 1910 U.S. federal census. You will be introduced to what I have used and shared with thousands to successfully find generations of family. Begin by learning how to use the census as a foundation to effective research, identify, map, and follow family through generations.

The tutorial will expand your knowledge and skills of how to conduct an exhaustive search to find genealogical and Family History records, repositories, resolve research problems and connect with resources researching similar lines.

The tutorial is divided into the following sections:

  • 1790-1940 U.S federal census resources
  • Introduction to 1910 U.S. federal census
  • How to effectively use the 1910 U.S. federal census
  • Expand your census research with military records
  • Defining the U.S. federal census
  • How to use the 1910 U.S. federal census
  • Questions asked on the 1910 census

1910 resources
Click on any of the following years and you will be taken to that years’ census tutorial:

17901800181018201830184018501860
18701880189019001910192019301940

  • U.S. census learning aids. Throughout the 1910 U.S. federal census tutorial find links to resources that I have specifically prepared to help you. In addition, I have written and assembled 190+ articles and resource aids to provide you a more in-depth understanding of the census research process.  I have tried to cover every possible question and angle that you are likely to face in your U.S. census research.  I would encourage you to use the resources often.  The category headings are as follows:
    • 190+ U.S. federal census articles and resource aids
      • U.S. federal census tutorials
      • Census and genealogy forms
      • Census research skills
      • Follow ancestors through the census
      • Researching names in the census
      • Defining ancestor age
      • Expanding census research to other resources
      • Expand your census research with military records
      • Census research best practices

1910 Introduction
The following are a few of the details that are important to understand about the 1910 U.S. Federal census:

1910 Census MapNumber of persons included in the 1910 census: 92,228,496 people were living in the United States.

1910 census day:  April 15, 1910
1910 census duration: 1 month for rural districts or two weeks for populations over 5,000
1910 census geography:

  • States and territories enumerated:  46 states and nine territories were included in the census.
  • New states: The newest state included the in 1910 was Oklahoma.
  • Territories included: Arizona, Alaska (unorganized), American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, New Mexico, Panama Canal Zone, Philippines, Puerto Rico
  • The available states include: Alabama, Alaska (unorganized), Arizona Territory, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico Territory, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

A few important facts about the 1910 census include:

  • Numeration date. The numeration date is April 15, 1910 with one month to complete the census which resulted in less people being missed as in prior census periods.
  • President during census. William H Taft
  • Census privacy. The 1910 census were ordered to keep the answers to the census strictly private and could not share the information with anyone.  This was the beginning of 72 year privacy rule.  The general public would not be allowed to view the content of the census for 72 years.
  • Microfilming quality issues, check the original.  The microfilming of the 1910 census is considered to be very poor when compare it with other census projects.  I was working with one genealogist on the Mississippi census and it was just hard to read.  With further investigation we found that large sections of the states census were rendered unreadable.  As a result, I have found individuals that were not indexed for computer searches.  It is my suggestion to go to the original to search them just to make sure you ancestor was not missed in the indexing because it was hard to read.
  • Good resource for dates and places to find records. The 1910 census will be a great resource for gathering approximate dates and places to search for records related to birth, marriage and death records of family members living and not living.
  • Birth and death records.  In 1910 most counties began to record vital records (birth and death).  By 1925 vital records were recorded in all U.S. counties
  • Soundex.  I have found the Soundex to be very helpful in searching for names that sound alike such as Ewell and Yule or Steward and Stuart but are spelled differently.  It uses a numbering system for letters which allows the name to be indexed by the way it sounds and not the way it is spelled.  I have used Soundex for parts of the 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 United States federal censuses. If you are not able to find your family through online search tools/engines, turn to the Soundex.  Tools such as Ancestry.com and MyHeritage feature the Soundex for their database. Only twenty-one states were included: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia.  For more information. See the article:
  • Some Soundex cities and counties indexed separately.  Some cities and counties that were included in the Soundex indexes were index separately from the state.  They included the following:
    • Alabama:  Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery
    • Georgia: Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Savannah
    • Louisiana: New Orleans, Shreveport
    • Pennsylvania: Philadelphia County
    • Tennessee: Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville

1910 Use
Learn how to use the census to effectively find generations of family.  Use the information and clues provided to build out your family tree and expand your research. I have provided a comprehensive review of each question that includes research insights, tips and tricks, and must know information to aid your research.

  • Location and Dwelling number (Col. 1 -2). We are provided with the city/town/village/borough, county, and state where the family resides. This can help in defining geographic areas to search for family and records.
    • Counted in order. The dwelling was the number of houses that were counted.
    • Cities only. The census taker recorded the following for those living in the city: Name of street, house number, dwelling number in order of visitation, and family number in order of visitation.
    • Top of the form. At the top of every census form we are provided with the following information: State, county, township or division of county (e.g., township, town, precinct, district or other civil division), name of institution, ward of city, supervisor’s district number, enumeration district number and enumeration date and enumerator.
    • Name of street and number in urban areas. This census provided the name of the street and house number in urban areas.
    • Societies. Search for a historical and/or genealogical society in the county to learn about community, records developed at the time you family lived in the area, connect with other genealogists who are researching the same surname, groups (i.e., church) to which your family belonged.
    • Use the location. Use the location to look for resources such as churches, cemeteries, courthouses.
    • Modern day repositories. Use the location to identify locations of modern day record repositories that are near the place you family lived (e.g., historical societies, genealogical societies, libraries, archives, court houses.)
  • Family Number (Col. 3). This was the actual number of families counted.
    • Order of household visited. The census is recorded in the order of households visited. Take special note of the dwelling location versus the family number. For example, you could have dwelling 1 and dwelling 2, but for dwelling two you could have families 2, 3 and 4 living in the dwelling 2.  This could be an apartment building or several families living in the same home.  If you have people living in the same building, we need to be asking how they are related.
    • Circle of influence. You can begin to build the circle of influence for your ancestors by seeing who the neighbors were.
    • Search the neighbors. Often neighbors move with neighbors.  Are they the same family? Members of the same congregation? Friends?  If you can’t follow family or find the family in the census, see if you can follow neighbors. Are the given names similar among the neighbors and your family? Similar names run in families.  This might be a clue that they are more than just neighbors. It has been my experience that neighbors, even when they don’t share the same name are related.  Look for the neighbors being the wife’s parents, sister of the husband, siblings of the wife, aunts and uncles and so forth.  When I couldn’t find my ancestors in location, I have searched on the names of know neighbors to find my family. Make sure you include the names of neighbors in your family profile.
  • Composition of the household (Col. 4). Provides members of the household by name.
    • As of April 1910.  List the persons who lived in the home as of April 1910.
    • Individual names. Individual names for those in the household.
    • List order. As a general format family members are listed in the following order: husband, wife, children by age, parents, brothers, sisters, and so forth.
    • Death or birth after April 15, 1910. Individuals who died or birth of children born after Aprils 15, 1910 were not included in the census.
    • Military records.  Make sure you search all the males in our family over of 1 year old for military records associated with possible service in the U.S. Military service.  Yes you read right when I said 1 year old.  Individuals who are 1 will most likely be involved in the WWII.  The military service periods can include: Civil War (1861-1865), Indian Wars (before 1890), Spanish American War (1898). Search out the military records on not only your direct line but also male siblings, uncles, brother-in-laws, and cousins.  I have found important information about my direct line when reviewing the pension files of extended family. See the category “Search military records.”
    • Follow family through the census. Make it a priority to follow your family through censuses during their lifetime (e.g., federal, state, territorial, and local censuses) as well as census schedules if they exist (e.g., population, agriculture, manufacturing, social statistics, crime, mortality, veterans, slave.) The following articles will provide you a detailed example of following a family through the census.  See the articles:
    • Check original census. Always seek to see the images of the original census to compare against the transcription.
    • Search same surname. Look closely at persons with the same surname. Could they be a relative? Does the individual show up as a child in earlier census?  Search other records such as deeds, wills to see if the person shows up. Could individuals be in-laws? Check marriages of entire town, neighboring towns and county for husbands of sisters, aunts, and mothers.
    • Search pages before and after the listing of your ancestors. I have found it important to search for the surname several pages before and after the page where you find your family. This can also help in suggesting relationships between neighbors. Look for added clues such as given first names, occupations, places of origin.  When I contact the genealogical/historical societies, I have often sought to find the genealogists who are researching these surnames to compare research.
    • Extract all with same surname. Make it a practice to extract all the persons with the same surname living in the same county.  Are they family? They could be family connection or related connection such as where they came from.  If your family lives near a state our county border, go ahead and extract the persons with the same surnames from neighboring counties.  I have usually found important clues and connections among those with the same surname that has enhanced my research.
    • Nicknames. If you ancestor use a nickname, check to see if you can find the alternate names.    See the articles:
  • Relationship (Col. 5).  The census that asked for relationship to head of household.
    • Family relationship titles.  In this census you will be seeing titles such as husband, wife, son, daughter, grandson, granddaughter, niece, nephew and so forth. When you see titles such as niece, nephew, uncle, aunt, you will still need to some investigation to understand which side of the family they belong. As you connect research from other census years, this will become clearer.
    • Non family titles. If the family isn’t related to the family, you will see titles like none, hired, servant, and so forth.
    • Wife many not be the mother of children.  Take special note of the wife as to whether she really is the mother of the children. Look at age gaps between children.  Is the age cap normal? For example, every two years.  Are the age gaps larger than expected? This could be a clue that there was another child or spouse that had passed away.  Look at age of husband and wife.  Are they about the same age? Is one spouse much older than the other?  If yes, this could be a clue that there is second marriage. Look at the ages of children and the place of birth.  This might provide clues of where the parents were married or from where the family migrated.
    • Discovering unknown surnames. The relationships column has been helpful in discovering previously unknown surnames for married daughters, mother-in-law, cousins, and other relatives living with the family.
    • Research all relationships. Make sure that you research all the relationships of your ancestors which include the siblings and their families (i.e., spouses, children), aunts and uncles, grandparents and even cousins.  As you build out the family tree, you will discover key pieces of information about your direct line when searching extended family.  For example, when I couldn’t find information about who were the parents of my direct line in the late 1800’s, I was able to learn the information from research I did on siblings.
  • Sex (Col. 6).You will either see (M) for male and (F) for female.
  • Color or race (Col. 7) In this census these were the choices enumerators used for color White (W), Black (B), Chinese (Ch), Japanese (JP), Indian (IN), Mulatto (Mu), Other (Ot).  This information may be helpful in determining the person’s origins.
  •  Age at last birthday (Col. 8). This is not exact date of birth, but it will provide a “ballpark” number that you can use in the help you track the person in the next census and search for birth event records of the time period.
    • Children under the age of 1. Children under the age of 1 were represented months as fractions such as 1/12 meaning 1 month, 4/12 meaning for months.
    • Search other records. There are good chances that many individuals listed in this census did not have civil birth records. I would always first check to see if there are birth records, and then look for church records. Start your search for these types of records at the genealogical/historical society.
    • Age gaps. Look at age gaps between children.  Is the age cap normal? For example, every two years.  Are the age gaps larger than expected? This could be a clue that there was another child or spouse that had passed away.  Look at age of husband and wife.  Are they about the same age? Is one spouse much older than the other?  If yes, this could be a clue that there is second marriage. Look at the ages of children and the place of birth.  This might provide clues of where the parents were married or from where the family migrated.
    • Children with same age.  If you find children who are the same age, don’t just assume they are twins. Make sure they are not cousins who are being raised in the same home.
    • See the article: 1910 U.S. Census birth year reference chart
  • Marital status (Col. 9-10).  In this series of columns we are told whether the person is single (s), married (M), widowed (Wd) or divorced (D).
    • Married one or more times. Look for enumerator marks such as M1 (first marriage), M2 (second marriage) M3 (third marriage) and so forth.  If you have marks such as M2/M3, you will need to look carefully at the family composition and build a strategy of the documents you will search for that are related to multiple marriages (e.g., marriage, divorce, death).  You will also need to compare the questions related to years married and the number of children associated with the mother.  Does the composition of the family match what you are finding?
    • Widowed.  If the person is widowed, consider looking for wills and probate records, military pensions, death event records of a spouse.
    • Divorced. If the person is divorced search court records for divorced proceedings.
    • Number of years in present marriage. The 1910 census asks how many years the couples were married.  Start by searching the county /state civic records in the location where you find the family to see if the marriages were recorded. Next search the church records of the same location. If you see a fraction such as 4/12, it means that the couple was married four months earlier.

Mother of how many children and living children (Col. 11-12). The 1910 census is also the only census to ask the number of children born to the mother and how many were still living.

    • Comparing number of children vs living children. Carefully compare the number of children a mother has vs those living.   You will be able to identify if any children had died. First look at the number of years the couple has been married; this will give you a timeframe to begin your search. To find who the missing child/children try the following: 1) Ask first if there are vital records located in location where your family lived and what year they began. If they exist, try searching first for death and then birth records.  2) Search for church records.  In the church records, search for christening, baptism, death and/or other related records. 3) Search cemetery records.  I will search for all records with the last name of the family.  Don’t automatically to expect the child’s grave to be with family. 4) Check to see if there are school records that exist for family.  This can include records such as school census and school attendance rolls.  5) Check for to see if state/local census’ have been conducted for the time frame you are searching.  You may find the name of the missing child listed.
    • Caution about marriages.  Always be asking the question, “Is this a first, second, or even third marriage for either spouse?”  Take special note of the wife as to whether she really is the mother of the children. Look at age gaps between children.  Is the age cap normal? For example, every two years.  Are the age gaps larger than expected? This could be a clue that there was another child or spouse that had passed away.  Look at age of husband and wife.  Are they about the same age? Is one spouse much older than the other?  If yes, this could be a clue that there is second marriage. Look at the ages of children and the place of birth.  This might provide clues of where the parents were married or from where the family migrated.
  • Place of birth (Col. 13-14). This census provides the birthplace of each person along with the birthplaces for each parent. If born in the United States, they were to give the state or territory. If the individual had a foreign birth, they were to give the country.
    • Father and mothers place of birth. This information is critical to helping you develop scenarios of where to search for family.
    • Narrow search. Use this information to narrow your search for records to geographic area even town. Also very helpful with clues to immigration and/or migration.
    • Numerator accuracy. Numerators only recorded the information that they were provided by the person being interviewed. For whatever reason, ancestors did not provide accurate answers to this type of question because of prejudices associated with this time period.
    • Numerator code. When the enumerator recorded place of birth they could have used a two letter code for a state or they could have written the name of the state out or another abbreviation.  For example North Dakota could have been written as ND, North Dakota.  If you see a code that is only one letter such as O, could mean Oklahoma, Ohio, or Oregon.  Make no assumptions.  You will need to check the 1900 and 1920 census to see if you can find clues to help your resolve the limited information.
  • Speaks English or other (Col. 18). If a person cannot speak English, it may be a clue that the person is an immigrant.  Look closely at the census columns 16-17 as they are related to citizenship.
  • Occupation (Col. 19-23). This indicates the person’s occupation and related information can help one search for employment records.
    • Over age 15. The occupation was recorded for persons over age 15.
    • Professional directories. When occupations are mentioned, search for occupational directories. Directories can list as little as a name to entire profiles of families.
    • Occupation/trade. Look carefully at the person’s occupation/trade and define what types of records that might exist. You will see answers such as spinner, salesman, laborer. I had an ancestor who was a merchant which led me to look for a business license, business/professional directory, ads for his business in the newspaper and related documents all of which I found. Another genealogist, had ancestor who was a member of the clergy which led them to search and find church records.
    • General nature of work.  This answer will provide the general nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works such as cotton mill, dry goods store, and farm.
    • Out of work and weeks out work. If the person was an employee and out of work, they would be asked how many weeks they were out of work.
  • Education (Col. 24-26). This identifies if the person had gone to school since September 1, 1909. This will provide clues to look for school records that can associate children with parents.  Look for records such as school census.
    • Cannot read and write. Use this information to confirm that you have the right person when searching other records. For example, you are searching wills of individuals with the same name of as your ancestor. The census records said that your ancestor could read and write. You find the wills of two persons with the same name. One marked his will with an X the other signed his name on the will.  The person using the X most likely couldn’t read or write. Since you are looking for a person who could read and write, the X should raise caution flags that this person may not be the person you are looking for.
  • Home ownership (Col. 27-30). Look carefully at this section of the census to learn whether your family owned, rented or mortgaged property.
    • Real estate value. Real value can be a good clue to finding tax and land records.
    • Charting the movement of family.  I always try to be aware of movement of my family from one location to another. Train travel now spans nationwide. The mobility of family is just beginning to expand beyond horse and wagon. I will chart the family’s movement on a map and make sure that search each city and count between the two points to see if my family left any records along the way.  Don’t be surprised if you them living in different locations along the way. Begin by looking the date the family left/sold the land/home in the 1900 location and the date they purchased the land/home in the 1910 location.  If you have a gap in years, then you have grounds to search for other locations.  Next look at the members of the family that are new (e.g., birth/marriage) or missing (e.g., death/marriage) since 1900 census.  This will give you a clue of the type of civic vital records to search (e.g., birth, marriage, death).
    • Check the neighbors.  As children grow and leave home, it is common for the children to receive land.  If you are finding older children (male and female) that are no longer living with the family from the 1910 or 1920 census, check all the neighbors and land records to see if there was any land purchase/transfer that involved your family. I look very closely to for daughters that may have been married and moved close to home.
  • Confederate or Union Veteran (Col. 31).  Answers to this questions should lead to you search for military records.  See the category “Search Military records.”
    • Enumerator instructions.  The enumerators were given these instructions with this question: Write “UA” if a survivor of the Union Army, “UN” if a survivor of the Union Navy, “CA” if a survivor of the Confederate Army, and “CN” if a survivor of the confederate Navy.
    • Pension applications. Search for pension applications and records of pension payments for veterans, their widows, and other heirs. The pension applications usually provide the most information and can include supporting documents such as marriage, birth, and dead records/certificates, pages from family Bibles, family letters, dispositions of witnesses, affidavits, discharge papers and other supporting documents. Even if you ancestor did not receive a pension, look to see if his pension request was denied.
  • Health (Col. 32).  This is the first census in which these questions were asked.
    • Blind in both eyes. Enumerators were given the following instructions: If a person is either totally or partially blind, in both eyes, so as not to be able to read even with the help of glasses, write “Bl.”  For all other persons leave the column blank.
    • Deaf and dumb. Enumerators were given the following instructions: If a person is both deaf and dumb, write “DD.”  For all other persons leave the column blank.  Persons who are deaf but not dumb, or persons who are dumb but not deaf, are not to be reported.

1910 military
Even though there is no information in the 1910 census that identifying veterans of war, there are still men living who served in one or more military wars and conflicts.  The records available for these veterans vary but can yield important clues and knowledge about the individual and their family. For example:

  • Pension applications. Search for pension applications and records of pension payments for veterans, their widows, and other heirs. The pension applications usually provide the most information and can include supporting documents such as marriage, birth, and dead records/certificates, pages from family Bibles, family letters, dispositions of witnesses, affidavits, discharge papers and other supporting documents. Even if you ancestor did not receive a pension, look to see if his pension request was denied.
  • Search family photographs and artifacts. Family photographs can be a great source for identifying which persons were involved in which war or military conflict they may have served.  It is rare to individuals serving in the military not have their photograph in their uniform. You may also find cards, letters, and related military memorabilia. I have also found the local newspaper to be a rich source information about family during periods of war.

Start your search by looking for these military records:

Early Indian Wars 1815-1858. Look for military records of men serving in the Early Indian Wars who are 70+ in the 1910 census. These men would have been born prior to 1840. See the article:

Mexican War 1846-1848. Look for military records of men serving in the Mexican Wars who are 80+ in the 1910 census.  These men would have been born prior to 1832. See the article:

Civil War 1861-1865. Look for military records of men who would have served in the U.S. Civil War who are 60+ in the 1910 census.  These men would have been born in 1855 and earlier.  Keep in mind that many young men lied about their age and served with their father, brother (s), or other family members.  If your ancestor lived in the Union or Confederate states that they could have very easily served in their army. Many men who were in the Union served in the Confederacy. And there are many men from the South that served in the Union Army. Make sure that you search for all male members of the family (i.e., father, sons, brothers, uncles, and nephews.)  The Civil War enlistment card will give you clues of your ancestor’s location and place of residence. See the articles:

Later Indian Wars (Before 1890). Look for military records of men serving in the later Indian Wars who are 40+ in the 1910 census. These men would have been born prior to 1880.

Spanish American War 1898. Look for military records of men serving in the Spanish American War who are 30+ in the 1910 census. These men would have been born prior to 1880.

World War I 1917-1919. Be aware that many of the males who are between the ages of 10-30 in the 1910 census will most like be involved in the future World War I. These men would have been born in 1900 and before. See the articles:

World War II 1917-1919. Be aware that many of the males who are under the age of 20 years old in the 1910 census will most like be involved or register for the draft in the future World War II. These men would have been born in 1910 and before. See the articles:

Researching military headstones. Military headstones have evolved through time. See the following articles for details:

1910 defining
A census is a government-sponsored enumeration of the population in a particular area and contains a variety of information — names, heads of household (or all household members), ages, citizenship status, ethnic background, and so on. Here are some different types of census records you are likely to come across in your research.

U.S. federal census is also called a population schedule. Federal census records provide the building blocks of your research, allowing you to both confirm information and to learn more. Compiled in the United States for every decade since 1790, census population schedules are comprehensive, detailed records of the federal government’s decennial survey of American households. Information from the schedules is used by the federal government for demographic analysis.

The schedules themselves, of interest primarily to genealogists, contain the personal information of the survey respondents. To protect the privacy of the people whose names appear in each schedule, census records are restricted for 72 years after the census is taken and are not available to researchers during that time.

1910 defining
I’ve effectively used the 1930 census to conduct find and use the following information:

  • Identify head of household
  • Identify members of household by name
  • Identify relationships—surnames of married daughter, mother-in-law, cousins, other relatives
  • Indicate that wife may not be mother of kids
  • Identify ages of individuals by name
  • Begin to establish family relationships (e.g., spouse, children, siblings, parents)
  • Identify people of color: White (W), Indian (I) American Indian, Black (B), Chinese (C) Japanese (JP)
  • Begin to identify possible remarriages and step relationships
  • Identify birthplace of parents-immigrant information
  • Supplement birth/marriage info. Due to relationship info.
  • Locate and identify birthplaces
  • Identify month of birth
  • Identify year of marriage
  • Determine year of immigration
  • Identify occupations
  • Locate and identify real estate
  • Locate and identify family who are neighbors
  • Identify spelling variations
  • Locate and identify family in other census substitute records (e.g., probate inventories, tax lists)
  • Locate and identify children not yet known
  • Locate and identify possible parents
  • Locate and identify possible children not listed in later censuses
  • Differentiate between families of the same name
  • Locate and identify possible neighbors who might be family
  • Give clues to genetic symptoms or diseases

See the article, “Build a family profile.” BARRY LINK

1910 questions 2

The following are the questions found in the 1910 United States Census.

LOCATION
Col. 1: Street & House No.
Col. 2: Dwelling No.
Col. 3: Family No.

NAME
Col. 4: Name of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910 was in this family

PERSONAL DESCRIPTION
Col. 5: Relation to head of family
Col. 6: Sex
Col. 7: Color or race
Col. 8: Age at last birthday
Col. 9: Single, married, widowed, divorced
Col. 10: No. of years of present marriage
Col. 11: Mother of how many children—No. born
Col. 12: Mother of how many children—No. living

NATIVITY
Col. 13: Place of birth
Col. 14: Place of birth of father
Col. 15: Place of birth of mother

CITIZENSHIP
Col. 16: Year of immigration to U.S.
Col. 17: Naturalized/Alien

LANGUAGE
Col. 18: Speaks English or other

OCCUPATION
Col. 19: Trade or Profession
Col. 20: General nature of work
Col. 21: Employer, employee or works on own
Col. 22: Out of work Apr. 15
Col. 23: Weeks out of work ’09

EDUCATION
Col. 24: Can read
Col. 25: Can write
Col. 26: Attended school

HOME
Col. 27: Home owned/rented
Col. 28: Free/mortgaged
Col. 29: Farm/house
Col. 30: No. of farm enumerated

MILITARY
Col. 31: Confed or Union veteran

HEALTH
Col. 32: Blind in both eyes or Deaf and dumb.