Genealogy: Available state census records post-1850

United StatesBy Barry J. Ewell
State censuses were conducted by states in off years in between the Federal census. Every state was in charge of whether and when they would conduct a census.  The following chart will give the availability and year for state census records that exist post 1850. These records usually contain the same type of information as in the Federal census as well as additional questions that are unique to that state such as naturalization, military service, occupation, relationship, state and county of origin, mortality, education and voting status.

Like the Federal census, the state census is a snapshot of the home and its inhabitants at a given time. The information on the state census can be used to construct, confirm, add, and/or delete information from the family profile you have begun building from the Federal census.  For example, I have used the state census to find children that were born and died in between the Federal census, confirmed deaths of wife’s, husbands and grandparents, marriages of children, new marriages for head of households, other locations to search and much more.

These censuses are located at the state archives and/or libraries (note: many are online), through microfilm at LDS Family History Centers, online transcripts of counties within a state from historical societies, and online databases such as Ancestry.com.

StateAvailability of state censuses by state before
Alabama185018551866
Alaska1870187818791881188518871890-95
1904-0719141917
Arizona1866186718691872187418761880
1882
Arkansas18651911
California1852
Colorado186118661885
ConnecticutNo state census exists.
DelawareNo state census exists after 1850.
District of Columbia18671878
Florida1855186618671868187518851895
19351945
Georgia18521853185918651879
IllinoisNo state census exists after 1850.
Hawaii187818901896
IdahoNo state census exists.
Indiana1853185718711877188318891901
191319191931
Iowa1851185218541856188518951905
19151925
Kansas1855186518751885189519051915
1925
KentuckyNo state census exists.
Louisiana18531858
MaineNo state census exists after 1850.
MarylandNo state census exists after 1850.
Massachusetts1855186518541864187418841888
18941904
Michigan1854186418741884188818941904
Minnesota1853185518571865187518851895
1905
Mississippi1850185318601866
Missouri185218561860186418761880
MontanaNo state census exists.
Nebraska185418551856186518691885
Nevada186218631875
New HampshireNo state census exists.
New Jersey1855186518751885189519051915
New Mexico1885
New York1855186518751892190519151925
North CarolinaNo state census exists after 1850.
North Dakota188519151925
OhioNo state census exists.
Oklahoma18901907
Oregon1850185318541855185618571858
1859186518701875188518951905
PennsylvaniaNo state census exists.
Rhode Island1865187518851905191519251935
South Carolina18691875
South Dakota1885189519051915192519351945
Tennessee1891
TexasNo state census exists after 1850.
Utah1856
VermontNo state census exists.
VirginiaNo state census exists after 1850.
Washington1856185718581860187118741877
1878187918801881188318851887
1889189118921898
West VirginiaNo state census exists.
WisconsinNo state census exists after 1850.
Wyoming18751878

Data for the above chart was compiled from information provided by each state historical society and archives.gov.