Genealogy: 1860 U.S. federal census tutorial

1860 mastheadBy Barry J. Ewell

This is a comprehensive tutorial for researching the 1860 U.S. federal census. You will be introduced to what I have used and shared with thousands to successfully find generations of family. Begin by learning how to use the census as a foundation to effective research, identify, map, and follow family through generations.

The tutorial will expand your knowledge and skills of how to conduct an exhaustive search to find genealogical and Family History records, repositories, resolve research problems and connect with resources researching similar lines.

The tutorial is divided into the following sections:

  • 1790-1940 U.S federal census resources
  • Introduction to 1860 U.S. federal census
  • How to effectively use the 1860 U.S. federal census
  • Search the 1860 census schedules
  • Expand your census research with military records
  • Defining the U.S. federal census
  • How to use the 1860 U.S. federal census
  • Questions asked on the 1860 census

1860 resources
Click on any of the following years and you will be taken to that years’ census tutorial:

17901800181018201830184018501860
18701880189019001910192019301940

Genealogy: 1860 Census birth year reference chart

census birth yearBy Barry J. Ewell
As you track your ancestor through the U.S. Federal Population Censuses, you can use age to help you

  • Identify individual members of the family
  • Provide clues to confirm I have the right person/family unit as you search each census
  • Provide clues as to relationship in the family
  • Provide clues if I have the right female when surnames change through marriage
  • Provide clues when people use nicknames and other name variations from one census to the next

Continue reading

Genealogy: 1860 U.S. Census example, John I. Stewart 1850-1930

1860 Census ExampleBy Barry J. Ewell
This article is part of a series that I have developed to help you learn about the wealth of information you can research about each of your ancestors from the U.S. Federal Census.  We will follow John Isaac Stewart from the 1850 to 1930 Census:

  • In 1850 census, John does not appear (born within a few months after census) but we are able to see first view of the James M. Stewart Family
  • In 1860-1870 censuses, John is seen in the household of James M. Stewart
  • In 1880 census, John is shown with the marriage to Panola Owen, daughter of Thomas Allen Own
  • In1880-1920 censuses, John is shown with the growth and decline of his family
  • In 1930 censuses, Panola Owen Stewart is by herself after the death of John between the 1920-1930

Continue reading